The first grade standards introduce the idea of fractions and
continue the development of sorting and patterning skills. In first grade, students
will learn the basic addition facts through the fives table and the corresponding
subtraction facts. Students also will draw and describe certain two-dimensional
figures and use nonstandard units to measure length and weight. While learning
mathematics, students will be actively engaged , using concrete materials and appropriate
technologies such as calculators and computers. However, facility in the use of
technology shall not be regarded as a substitute for a student's understanding of
quantitative concepts and relationships or for proficiency in basic computations.
Mathematics has its own language, and the acquisition of specialized
vocabulary and language patterns is crucial to a student's understanding and appreciation
of the subject. Students should be encouraged to use correctly the concepts, skills,
symbols, and vocabulary identified in the following set of standards.
Problem solving has been integrated throughout the six content strands.
The development of problem-solving skills should be a major goal of the mathematics
program at every grade level. Instruction in the process of problem solving will
need to be integrated early and continuously into each student's mathematical education.
Students must be helped to develop a wide range of skills and strategies for
solving a variety of problems.
The standards for first-grade students include comparisons of everyday life and traditions
in different places and times. First-grade students should construct simple maps and
globes to identify continents and locate places in Virginia and around the world related
to their comparative studies of life and culture. First graders should also
construct time lines; study economic concepts of scarcity, productive resources, and
consumption; learn the value of rights and responsibilities; and help to make and enforce
class rules. The student should be encouraged to develop good character through
stories that teach such virtues as honesty, truthfulness, kindness, self-discipline, and
The first-grade standards continue to stress basic science skills in
understanding familiar objects and events. Students are expected to begin conducting
simple experiments and be responsible for some of the planning. Students are
introduced to the concept of classifying plants and animals based on simple
characteristics. Emphasis is placed on the relationships among objects and
their interactions with one another. Students are expected to know the basic
relationships between the sun and Earth and between seasonal changes and plant and animal
activities. Students also will begin to develop an understanding of moving objects,
simple solutions, and important natural resources.
One of the
main objectives for our first grade teachers is to help students become independent
readers by the end of the school year. In order to meet this goal, the teachers will
use a variety of skills and strategies in order to promote reading development.
First grade students will be immersed in a literature-rich
environment to help them develop an awareness of print materials as sources of
information. Listening and speaking skills will be practiced in the classroom as
students participate in classroom discussions. Each student will be shown a variety
of strategies to help him/her read new words and will read familiar selections aloud with
fluency and expression. Students will continue to develop an understanding of
character, setting, theme, and story sequence in a variety of classic and contemporary
storybooks. Understanding the main idea and sequence of events in a story are
important comprehension skills. Comprehension skills will be applied in math,
science, and history and social science as well. Students will complete number
patterns to follow directions for simple experiments and will study people, cultures, and
important traditions of our country and other countries. The
student will demonstrate comprehension of fiction and nonfiction through classroom
discussion and will begin to communicate ideas in writing.