SECONDARY PROGRAM TERMS
These courses are taught on the college level and follow a
curriculum developed by the College Board.
Students may receive college credit by earning a satisfactory score on
the AP Exam. Consult the College
Handbook to determine policies for individual colleges and universities.
International Baccalaureate Program (IB)
This program leads a student to pursue a prescribed
curriculum with an emphasis on a global perspective. The curriculum focuses on six core areas:
Language (English and a second language), Individuals and Society (Social
Sciences), Experimental Science, Mathematics and The Arts.
The IB diploma is recognized by colleges and universities throughout the
Students 16 and older may request to enroll in certain
courses at J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College, Randolph Macon College and
Virginia Commonwealth University. Students
may choose to focus on an area of academic or career interest through these
courses which offer both high school and college credit.
A number of trade and technical courses are offered through
the Richmond Technical Center. Many
of the courses prepare students for professional licensure or certification
exams in their chosen career area.
and Working Successfully (LAWS)
This class allows students to apply learning to actual
career settings. Students will
participate in seminars, simulations, interactions with business leaders, field
trips and job shadowing as a part of this class. The second semester includes a mentorship experience based on
the student's area of career interest.
The Emerging Leaders course is offered through the
partnership between Hanover County Schools and the Jepson School of Leadership
Studies at the University of Richmond. The
program begins with a Summer Leadership Institute and continues throughout the
academic year. Students in the
Gifted/Talented program may submit applications during the winter of their
Gifted and Talented students may apply for a mentorship
during their junior or senior year. Students
are paired with a community professional who provides first hand experiences in
an area of the student's career interest. Classroom
simulations and projects supplement the work-place experience.
The Naval ROTC program focuses on building the traits and
principles of naval leadership. In
addition to course content on naval history and navigation, students are
involved in 72 hours of drill and physical training. Participation in the program will help students competing for
ROTC scholarships and admission to service academies. Participation in the program does not obligate the student to
enlist in the armed forces.
Service Learning is a course through which students perform
105 documented hours of service to one non-profit agency.
Students participating in service learning will meet as a class according
to a schedule designated by the school principal.
Service Learning is a partnership between Hanover County Schools and the
Hanover County Department of Community Resources Volunteer Services Program.
WORK BASED LEARNING TERMS
A structured course of study sponsored jointly by employers
and schools, which integrates academic curricula, worksite learning, and work
experience leading to high school and/or post-secondary school credits as well
as entry level jobs or other preparation for the world of work.
Cooperative education is a method of instruction that
combines vocational classroom instruction with paid employment directly related
to the classroom instruction. Both
student instruction and employment are planned and supervised by the school and
the employer so that each contributes to the student's career objective and
Provides a short term (typically a day or portion of a day)
structured experience where students and/or teachers explore a career by
following an employee at the worksite.
A long-term relationship during which the mentor and
student work on developing interpersonal skills, job skills and personal
An experience for one or more students at a worksite that
serves the general public or community agency (typically non-profit) during
which the students participate in volunteer projects.
A relationship to provide hands-on learning in areas of the
student's interest coordinated with the school's curriculum.
An internship generally lasts 3-6 months.
Educators and students visit worksites to expose students
to careers in order to make classroom learning relevant.
American College Test. The ACT is the predominant testing
program in the Midwest and some parts of the South. The ACT combines certain aspects of both SAT I and SAT II
into one testing instrument. A
multiple-choice test, the ACT is scored on a 0 (low) to 36 (high) basis, and its
scores are reported in four categories (English, Social Science, Natural
Sciences and Mathematics) and a composite average of the four areas.
Advanced Placement Tests. Designed for strong students who
have completed college level work in high school, AP exams are given in specific
subject areas and are used in determining whether or not a student may gain
advanced standing in college. Tests
are scored on a scale from 1 (low) to 5 (high).
Colleges usually give credit for test scores of 4 or 5.
CODE or NUMBER
College Entrance Examination Board assigns a six-digit code
number for all high schools for identification purposes.
The code for Lee-Davis is 470-765.
Atleeís is 471-415.
Patrick Henryís is 470-148.
College Level Examination Program. Somewhat like the SAT II
and the AP, CLEP is designed primarily for the individual who has not been in
school for some time but who may have acquired considerable knowledge through a
job or experience. Some colleges
have incorporated CLEP into testing programs for entering freshmen.
A nonprofit organization governed by college and secondary
school members. The overseeing
agency for many tests and services connected with the college admissions
Educational Testing Service. A nonprofit agency employed by
The College Board to produce its tests.
Preliminary Scholastic Admissions Test and the National
Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. The PSAT/NMSQT provides a practice test for
freshmen, sophomores and juniors for the SAT I. Further, it is used in the selection of the top scholars in
the country for the award of merit scholarships.
Only juniors may qualify for NMSQT.
The results for NMSQT are announced each year in the fall.
PSAT scores are reported in the range of 20 (low) to 80 (high).
The NMSQT Selection Index is determined annually, and the minimum score
to receive national recognition varies from year to year.
PSAT scores are not used by colleges as admissions criteria.
or SAT I
Scholastic Assessment Test, alias the ďCollege BoardsĒ.
SAT is usually taken in the junior year and again in the senior year and is a
required test for admission to many colleges.
Scored on the basis of 200 (low) to 800 (high), the SAT is a
multiple-choice examination and is designed to test a studentís aptitude for
scholastic work (not intelligence). Low
scores are not indicative that a student is unable to do competitive work in
college, merely that someone with higher scores may be able to do the same work
with more ease. Before you take the
SAT, you should read and study The College Board book, Taking the SAT, available in your guidance office.
SAT II subject tests are one-hour, primarily
multiple-choice tests in specific subjects.
Unlike the SAT I, which measures more general abilities, SAT IIís
measure your knowledge of particular subjects and your ability to apply that
knowledge. SAT IIís are offered
in seventeen disciplines and are best taken at the end of the junior year.
SAT IIís are scored on the same 200 to 800 basis as the SAT I.
Some colleges use the SAT IIís for placement in various levels of
freshman courses; some use them as an additional indicator in the admissions
FINANCIAL AID TERMS
The document issued by the college-based financial aid
office to the student that indicates the type, amount, and disbursement dates of
the funds awarded from various financial aid programs, and the conditions, which
govern the award.
FINANCIAL AID PROGRAMS
Programs administered directly by the college, such as the
College Work-Study Program and the National Direct Student Loan.
An award of part-time employment for students who
demonstrate financial need. The
maximum amount a student can earn under this program is determined by financial
College Scholarship Service Financial Profile.
CSS is the financial aid division of the College Board and this form is
used by specified colleges, universities and scholarship programs to award
private funds. There is a fee
involved. CSS Profiles are
available in Guidance.
Free Application for Federal Student Aid.
A form completed by all applicants for federal student aid.
In many states completion of the FAFSA is also sufficient to establish
eligibility for state-sponsored aid programs.
The form is free and must not be mailed prior to January 1 of the year
you are seeking financial assistance.
The process used to evaluate an applicantís financial
situation to determine how much student aid he/she needs to help meet
post-secondary educational expenses.
The part of the expected family contribution which the
parents are expected to provide according to the needs analysis.
A form of financial assistance that does not require
repayment and is usually made to a student who shows potential for distinction,
usually in academic or athletic performance.
The difference between the cost of education, the total
financial aid awards plus expected family contribution.
An arrangement by which a student combines employment and
college study. The employment may
be an integral part of the academic program (as in cooperative education and
internships) or simply as a means of paying for college (as in Federal
HIGHER EDUCATION TERMS
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A degree granted by a college or university after the
satisfactory completion of a two-year, full-time program of study or its
A four-year degree in a specified subject.
An institution at which students study toward two-year or
four-year undergraduate degrees after completion of secondary school.
The majority of these two-year institutions are public,
though some are private (non-profit) or proprietary (profit making).
These colleges award associate degrees at the completion of two years of
full-time study. They frequently offer technical programs of study that
prepare students for immediate entry into the job market. Many of these colleges offer general education programs that
are equivalent to the first two years of a bachelorís degree program.
Four-year institution which emphasizes program of broad
undergraduate education. Pre-professional
or professional training may be available but is not stressed.
A strong liberal arts program teaches students how to think in a variety
Federal military academies prepare officers for the Army,
Navy, and Air Force. These
institutions (e.g., U. S. Military Academy--West Point, U. S. Naval Academy--Annapolis, and Air Force Academy--Colorado Springs) require a
recommendation and an appointment by state congressman.
Private and state supported military institutes (e. g., The Citadel,
Virginia Military Institute), however, operate on a college application basis.
They all offer degree programs in engineering and technology with
concentrations in various aspects of military science.
Colleges in the U. S. that enroll
either men only or women only.
& VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS
Specialized education programs usually leading directly to
employment. Programs vary from
several months to two years or more.
Two-year (Associateís) or four-year (Bachelorís)
An institution, which may be the same as a college, but
which usually, offers graduate degrees in addition to undergraduate degrees.
A university will generally have a larger student population, offer more
degrees and have more research facilities than a college.