SECONDARY PROGRAM TERMS

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Advanced Placement Course 

These courses are taught on the college level and follow a curriculum developed by the College Board.  Students may receive college credit by earning a satisfactory score on the AP Exam.  Consult the College Handbook to determine policies for individual colleges and universities.

The International Baccalaureate Program (IB)

This program leads a student to pursue a prescribed curriculum with an emphasis on a global perspective.  The curriculum focuses on six core areas:  Language (English and a second language), Individuals and Society (Social Sciences), Experimental Science, Mathematics and The Arts.  The IB diploma is recognized by colleges and universities throughout the world.

Dual Enrollment Course

Students 16 and older may request to enroll in certain courses at J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College, Randolph Macon College and Virginia Commonwealth University.  Students may choose to focus on an area of academic or career interest through these courses which offer both high school and college credit.

 

Richmond Technical Center

A number of trade and technical courses are offered through the Richmond Technical Center.  Many of the courses prepare students for professional licensure or certification exams in their chosen career area.

 

Living and Working Successfully (LAWS)

This class allows students to apply learning to actual career settings.  Students will participate in seminars, simulations, interactions with business leaders, field trips and job shadowing as a part of this class.  The second semester includes a mentorship experience based on the student's area of career interest.

 

Emerging Leaders

The Emerging Leaders course is offered through the partnership between Hanover County Schools and the Jepson School of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond.  The program begins with a Summer Leadership Institute and continues throughout the academic year.  Students in the Gifted/Talented program may submit applications during the winter of their junior year.

 

G/T Mentorship

Gifted and Talented students may apply for a mentorship during their junior or senior year.  Students are paired with a community professional who provides first hand experiences in an area of the student's career interest.  Classroom simulations and projects supplement the work-place experience.

 

 

ROTC

The Naval ROTC program focuses on building the traits and principles of naval leadership.  In addition to course content on naval history and navigation, students are involved in 72 hours of drill and physical training.  Participation in the program will help students competing for ROTC scholarships and admission to service academies.  Participation in the program does not obligate the student to enlist in the armed forces.

 

Service Learning Course

Service Learning is a course through which students perform 105 documented hours of service to one non-profit agency.  Students participating in service learning will meet as a class according to a schedule designated by the school principal.  Service Learning is a partnership between Hanover County Schools and the Hanover County Department of Community Resources Volunteer Services Program.

 

 

WORK BASED LEARNING TERMS

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Apprenticeship (Student)

A structured course of study sponsored jointly by employers and schools, which integrates academic curricula, worksite learning, and work experience leading to high school and/or post-secondary school credits as well as entry level jobs or other preparation for the world of work.

 

 

Cooperative Education

Cooperative education is a method of instruction that combines vocational classroom instruction with paid employment directly related to the classroom instruction.  Both student instruction and employment are planned and supervised by the school and the employer so that each contributes to the student's career objective and employability.

 

Job Shadowing

Provides a short term (typically a day or portion of a day) structured experience where students and/or teachers explore a career by following an employee at the worksite.

 

Mentoring

A long-term relationship during which the mentor and student work on developing interpersonal skills, job skills and personal qualities.

 

Service Learning

An experience for one or more students at a worksite that serves the general public or community agency (typically non-profit) during which the students participate in volunteer projects.

 

Student Internship (Paid)

A relationship to provide hands-on learning in areas of the student's interest coordinated with the school's curriculum.  An internship generally lasts 3-6 months.

 

Work Place Tour

Educators and students visit worksites to expose students to careers in order to make classroom learning relevant. 

 

TESTING TERMS

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ACT

American College Test.  The ACT is the predominant testing program in the Midwest and some parts of the South.  The ACT combines certain aspects of both SAT I and SAT II into one testing instrument.  A multiple-choice test, the ACT is scored on a 0 (low) to 36 (high) basis, and its scores are reported in four categories (English, Social Science, Natural Sciences and Mathematics) and a composite average of the four areas.

 

AP

Advanced Placement Tests.  Designed for strong students who have completed college level work in high school, AP exams are given in specific subject areas and are used in determining whether or not a student may gain advanced standing in college.  Tests are scored on a scale from 1 (low) to 5 (high).  Colleges usually give credit for test scores of 4 or 5.

 

CEEB CODE or NUMBER

College Entrance Examination Board assigns a six-digit code number for all high schools for identification purposes.  The code for Lee-Davis is 470-765.  Atleeís is 471-415.  Patrick Henryís is 470-148.

 

CLEP

College Level Examination Program.  Somewhat like the SAT II and the AP, CLEP is designed primarily for the individual who has not been in school for some time but who may have acquired considerable knowledge through a job or experience.  Some colleges have incorporated CLEP into testing programs for entering freshmen.

 

COLLEGE BOARD

A nonprofit organization governed by college and secondary school members.  The overseeing agency for many tests and services connected with the college admissions process.

 

ETS

Educational Testing Service.  A nonprofit agency employed by The College Board to produce its tests.

 


PSAT/NMSQT

Preliminary Scholastic Admissions Test and the National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test.  The PSAT/NMSQT provides a practice test for freshmen, sophomores and juniors for the SAT I.  Further, it is used in the selection of the top scholars in the country for the award of merit scholarships.  Only juniors may qualify for NMSQT.  The results for NMSQT are announced each year in the fall.  PSAT scores are reported in the range of 20 (low) to 80 (high).  The NMSQT Selection Index is determined annually, and the minimum score to receive national recognition varies from year to year.  PSAT scores are not used by colleges as admissions criteria.

 

SAT or SAT I

Scholastic Assessment Test, alias the ďCollege BoardsĒ.  SAT is usually taken in the junior year and again in the senior year and is a required test for admission to many colleges.  Scored on the basis of 200 (low) to 800 (high), the SAT is a multiple-choice examination and is designed to test a studentís aptitude for scholastic work (not intelligence).  Low scores are not indicative that a student is unable to do competitive work in college, merely that someone with higher scores may be able to do the same work with more ease.  Before you take the SAT, you should read and study The College Board book, Taking the SAT, available in your guidance office.

 

SAT II

SAT II subject tests are one-hour, primarily multiple-choice tests in specific subjects.  Unlike the SAT I, which measures more general abilities, SAT IIís measure your knowledge of particular subjects and your ability to apply that knowledge.  SAT IIís are offered in seventeen disciplines and are best taken at the end of the junior year.  SAT IIís are scored on the same 200 to 800 basis as the SAT I.  Some colleges use the SAT IIís for placement in various levels of freshman courses; some use them as an additional indicator in the admissions process.

 

 

FINANCIAL AID TERMS

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AWARD LETTER

The document issued by the college-based financial aid office to the student that indicates the type, amount, and disbursement dates of the funds awarded from various financial aid programs, and the conditions, which govern the award. 

 

CAMPUS-BASED FINANCIAL AID PROGRAMS

Programs administered directly by the college, such as the College Work-Study Program and the National Direct Student Loan.

 

COLLEGE WORK-STUDY PROGRAM

An award of part-time employment for students who demonstrate financial need.  The maximum amount a student can earn under this program is determined by financial need.

 

 

CSS PROFILE

College Scholarship Service Financial Profile.  CSS is the financial aid division of the College Board and this form is used by specified colleges, universities and scholarship programs to award private funds.  There is a fee involved.  CSS Profiles are available in Guidance.

 

FAFSA

Free Application for Federal Student Aid.  A form completed by all applicants for federal student aid.  In many states completion of the FAFSA is also sufficient to establish eligibility for state-sponsored aid programs.  The form is free and must not be mailed prior to January 1 of the year you are seeking financial assistance.

 

NEED ANALYSIS

The process used to evaluate an applicantís financial situation to determine how much student aid he/she needs to help meet post-secondary educational expenses.

 

PARENTSí CONTRIBUTION

The part of the expected family contribution which the parents are expected to provide according to the needs analysis.

 

SCHOLARSHIP

A form of financial assistance that does not require repayment and is usually made to a student who shows potential for distinction, usually in academic or athletic performance.

 

UNMET NEED

The difference between the cost of education, the total financial aid awards plus expected family contribution.

 

WORK-STUDY

An arrangement by which a student combines employment and college study.  The employment may be an integral part of the academic program (as in cooperative education and internships) or simply as a means of paying for college (as in Federal Work-Study Program).

 

HIGHER EDUCATION TERMS

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ASSOCIATE DEGREE 

A degree granted by a college or university after the satisfactory completion of a two-year, full-time program of study or its part-time equivalent.

 

BACHELORíS DEGREE  

A four-year degree in a specified subject.

 

COLLEGE

An institution at which students study toward two-year or four-year undergraduate degrees after completion of secondary school.

 

COMMUNITY COLLEGE/JUNIOR COLLEGE

The majority of these two-year institutions are public, though some are private (non-profit) or proprietary (profit making).  These colleges award associate degrees at the completion of two years of full-time study.  They frequently offer technical programs of study that prepare students for immediate entry into the job market.  Many of these colleges offer general education programs that are equivalent to the first two years of a bachelorís degree program. 

 

LIBERAL ARTS COLLEGE

Four-year institution which emphasizes program of broad undergraduate education.  Pre-professional or professional training may be available but is not stressed.  A strong liberal arts program teaches students how to think in a variety of areas.

 

MILITARY ACADEMY

Federal military academies prepare officers for the Army, Navy, and Air Force.  These institutions (e.g., U. S. Military Academy--West Point, U. S. Naval Academy--Annapolis, and Air Force Academy--Colorado Springs) require a recommendation and an appointment by state congressman.  Private and state supported military institutes (e. g., The Citadel, Virginia Military Institute), however, operate on a college application basis.  They all offer degree programs in engineering and technology with concentrations in various aspects of military science.

 

SINGLE-SEX COLLEGE

Colleges in the U. S. that enroll either men only or women only.

 

TECHNICAL & VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS

Specialized education programs usually leading directly to employment.  Programs vary from several months to two years or more.

 

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES

Two-year (Associateís) or four-year (Bachelorís) degrees.

 

UNIVERSITY

An institution, which may be the same as a college, but which usually, offers graduate degrees in addition to undergraduate degrees.  A university will generally have a larger student population, offer more degrees and have more research facilities than a college.